Welcome to the Cromwell Association

Introduction
Early life
1616-17
1628-29
1640
1642
1643
1644
1645
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
Introduction

Introduction

Since Oliver Cromwell's death as Lord Protector in 1658 his life, ambitions, motives and actions have been the subject of scholarly investigation and intense, often vitriolic, debate. Whatever position is taken on Cromwell, "Chief of Men"; or "Brave Bad Man", his importance as a key figure in one of the most troubled periods of British history is unassailable.
Early life

Early life

Oliver Cromwell was born in Huntingdon, England on April 25th 1599. He attended Huntingdon Grammar School, now the Cromwell Museum.
1616-17

1616-17

Cromwell enters Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge - a college with strong Puritan ethos - to study Law. After the death of his father in June 1617 he leaves college, without taking his degree, to support his family.
1628-29

1628-29

Cromwell becomes the Member of Parliament for Huntingdon in 1628. In 1629 Parliament is dissolved by Charles I.
1640

1640

Charles I reconvenes Parliament. Cromwell is returned as Member of Parliament for Cambridge.
1642

1642

Cromwell raises troops for Parliament.
1643

1643

Cromwell becomes Colonel in the Eastern Association.
1644

1644

Cromwell is made Lieutenant-General of the Eastern Association Army - Battle of Marston Moor, 2 July - Battle of Newbury, 27 October
1645

1645

Cromwell promoted to Lieutenant-General of New Model Army - Battle of Naseby, 14 June
1647

1647

Supports Parliamentary Army in clashes with Parliament.
1648

1648

Crushes royalist rising in South Wales - Battle of Preston, 18 August
1649

1649

Supports trial and execution of King Charles I, January - Commands army sent to crush Ireland, August
1650

1650

Commands army sent to crush Scotland, July - Battle of Dunbar, 3 September
1651

1651

Battle of Worcester, 3 September
1653

1653

Cromwell dissolves Parliament, 20 April - Cromwell becomes Lord Protector
1654

1654

Meets first Protectorate Parliament, September
1655

1655

System of Major-Generals established, October
1656

1656

Meets second Protectorate Parliament
1657

1657

Rejects Parliament's offer of the crown and remains Lord Protector, March to June
1658

1658

Cromwell dies at Whitehall, 3 September

Welcome to the home page of the Cromwell Association. We aim to encourage interest in the life and times of Oliver Cromwell, the Lord Protector, who was born in Huntingdon in 1599 and died at Whitehall in 1658. Cromwell is an intensely controversial figure equally reviled and revered both during his lifetime and after. This site contains a wide range of information and resources to investigate. Explore the site to find out more about his life, times and significance.

If you are interested to see if a particular place has a connection to Cromwell, look at The Cromwellian Gazetteer, a comprehensive guide to places connected to Cromwell. It also has a very useful guide to where Cromwell was on any particular date.

Perhaps you are interested in your family history and want to look at a genealogy of Cromwell. This site has a full family tree for Cromwell and his descendants, down to about 1900. If you are looking for an ancestor who you believe may have been an officer in the parliamentary army, browse the Directory of Parliamentary Officers.

Our annual journal, Cromwelliana, is a rich resource of articles on Cromwell and other aspects of 17th century history. The whole archive of the journal, other than the most recent, is available free for you to look at.

The Association was established in 1937 and has a wide range of members all fascinated, for many different reasons, by the complexity of both Cromwell as an individual and the age in which he lived. We welcome new members and invite you to consider joining us. Click for more membership benefits.

A brief history of Oliver Cromwell